The Hottest New Word In Cannabis Explained
“So, What Are Terpenes?”
Terpenes are aromatic chemicals present in a wide variety of plants, though they are frequently associated with cannabis due to their high concentration in cannabis plants. These fragrant chemicals give many plants, including cannabis, pine, and lavender, as well as fresh orange peel, its distinctive perfume. The scent of the majority of plants is a result of a mixture of terpenes. These terpenes naturally protect plants against animal grazing and pathogenic pathogens. Terpenes, on the other hand, may provide certain health benefits for the human body. As cannabis policies become less restrictive, experts are conducting additional research into these potential benefits. To learn more about the major terpenes and their benefits, read on.
Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in cannabis, and it is also the most potent. In fact, one study found that myrcene makes up high to 65% of the terpene profile in some strains. The perfume of Myrcene often has earthy, musky overtones of cloves. It also smells like red grapes. 0.5 percent of this terpene is usually seen in sedative indicas. The anti-inflammatory properties of myrcene make it a popular supplement for cancer patients. Myrcene-rich strains include Skunk XL, White Widow, and Special Kush.
Limonene is the second most common terpene in cannabis, however not all strains contain it. The component limonene gives strains a lemony fragrance, which is not surprising as it is found in all citrus fruits. Limonene is a cosmetic and cleaning solvent. Therapeutic use of Limonene has been demonstrated to improve mood and reduce stress. It also has antifungal and antibacterial properties, and one study found it may help reduce tumors. Lemon and sour strains are often strong in limonene. Durban Poison, Jack Herer, and Jack the Ripper are strong in limonene.
This terpene is responsible for the distinctive smell of marijuana, with spicy and floral undertones. Linalool is found in lavender, mint, cinnamon, and coriander. It’s fascinating because, like those aromatic herbs, it has sedative and soothing properties. This unique terpene has helped people with RA, depression, epilepsy, insomnia, and even cancer. OG Shark, Amnesia Haze, and Special Kush are all known linalool strains.
Caryophyllene is present in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and herbs including oregano, basil, and rosemary. Topical beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors, making it an anti-inflammatory. Only caryophyllene binds to cannabinoid receptors. Aside from its analgesic and anti-anxiety properties, caryophyllene has shown great promise in the treatment of alcoholism. Experts discovered this terpene reduces voluntary alcohol consumption in mice. They even recommended caryophyllene to treat alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Use caryophyllene-rich strains like Super Silver Haze, Skywalker, and Rock Star.
Its pine-like scent is found in pine trees. Pinene is found in rosemary, orange peels, basil, parsley, and, of course, cannabis. Pinene terpenes, like many others, are anti-inflammatory in humans. They also help improve airflow and respiratory function, as well as reduce THC-induced memory loss. Despite the fact that we’re talking about cannabis, high quantities of alpha and beta pinene can help with asthma. Pinene also helps rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and cancer sufferers. Aside from Jack Herer, pinene can be found in Strawberry Cough and Romulan.
Alpha-bisabolol (also known as levomenol and bisabolol) is found in chamomile and candeia trees. Originally utilized in cosmetics, this terpene has recently attracted academic interest due to its medicinal properties, particularly in cannabis. Alpha-bisabolol has been shown to help bacterial infections and wounds. It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. ACDC and Pink Kush have it, as do Harle-Tsu and Pink Kush.
The eucalyptus tree’s main terpene is cineole. Although it smells minty and chilly, it is not found in substantial concentrations in most cannabis strains. It makes up about 0.06 percent of a strain’s entire terpene profile. This terpene is used in both cosmetics and drugs. Eucalyptol is a pain reliever that also inhibits the growth of germs and fungi. There is some preliminary evidence that this terpene may have impacts on Alzheimer’s disease. It’s in Super Silver Haze and Headband.
Secondary terpene found in flowers including jasmine, lemongrass, and tea tree oil. Trans-nerolidol has a woody, citrus, and floral fragrance. Trans-nerolidol has antiparasitic, antioxidant, antifungal, anticancer, and antibacterial properties. Island Jack Herer, Sweet Skunk, and Skywalker OG all contain nerolidol.
Humulene was the first hop terpene found. It smells earthy, woody, and spicy. It is found in clove, sage, and black pepper. It has several medicinal qualities. Early research shows that humulene is anti-proliferative, slowing the growth of cancer cells. It has also been demonstrated to help reduce hunger, making it a potential weight-loss tool. Like many other cannabis terpenes, it reduces inflammation, relieves pain, and fights bacterial infections. White Widow, Headband, Girl Scout Cookies, Sour Diesel, Pink Kush, and Skywalker OG all contain humulene.
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